From Mexico to Manchester

http://https://blog.uchceu.es/derecho/de-mexico-a-manchester-con-parada-en-madrid-y-moncada-la-experiencia-internacional-de-beatriz-huitron/

I would like to thank Beatriz Huitron for the post placed in the blog of the Spanish University CEU in Valencia detailing her work experiences in the Spanish department of Gunnercooke LLP.

Best wishes to Beatriz and all the best in her future endeavours as a lawyer wherever she ends up landing as the world will be full of opportunities for a Mexican national with experience in Mexico, Spain and the UK.

Saludos!

See original post below.

De México a Manchester con parada en Madrid y Moncada: la experiencia internacional de Beatriz Huitrón

beatriz-huitron-uch-ceu

Beatriz Huitrón, alumna de Derecho y del Título Especialista en Derecho Internacional y Europeo de la CEU-UCH, en Manchester

“Mi nombre es Beatriz Huitrón, de nacionalidad mexicana y alumna de tercer año del grado en Derecho y Título de Especialista en Derecho Internacional y Europeo.

Tras un Erasmus que realicé el año pasado en Madrid, por parte de mi anterior Universidad “Tecnológico de Monterrey Campus Santa Fe”, mi vida profesional y personal cambió por completo. En consecuencia, tomé la decisión de concluir mis estudios en la Universidad CEU Cardenal Herrera, España.

Elegí el CEU de Valencia porque me parece que es una pequeña ciudad con mucha calidad de vida y tras venir de una ciudad (Ciudad de México) con más de 5 millones de habitantes, hoy me es grato poder estar aquí.

Durante mi estancia de estudios en Madrid realice tres meses de prácticas profesionales en la Embajada de México. Estuve laborando en el área de visados de la Sección Consular. La sección consular es el área administrativa que ofrece un Estado en el exterior, con el objetivo de proteger los intereses del Estado y sus nacionales, así como prestar ayuda a estos. Mi labor, en el área de visados, era entrevistar a extranjeros que querían viajar a México por motivos de negocios, estudios, trabajo, etc. Una vez que eran entrevistadas esas personas tenían que aportar la documentación requerida para que posteriormente se verificara si se cumplía o no con la documentación correspondiente en base a la Ley de Migración Mexicana. Fueron tres meses con mucho enriquecimiento profesional, sin duda aprendí muchísimo. También es importante mencionar, que al inicio de la carrera en Derecho en México, estuve de practicante en la Secretaría de Relaciones Exteriores, gracias a la experiencia en la dependencia fue el motivo por el cual decidí aplicar para unas prácticas en el exterior.

Madrid fue mi primer destino Erasmus, pero no mi primera experiencia internacional. En el 2014 tuve la oportunidad de vivir tres meses en Nueva York, EE.UU., con el objetivo de mejor la lengua inglesa.

Mi última estancia en el extranjero como becaria fue en febrero del presente año en un despacho jurídico en Inglaterra. Gunnercooke es un despacho con sede en Londres y Manchester. Yo tuve la oportunidad de laborar por tres meses en el despacho de Manchester. Las prácticas se desarrollaron en el área civil y consular y trabajaba como asistente del Cónsul Honorario de España en Manchester, Antonio Guillén. Durante este periodo, sin duda, pude aplicar todo lo que he hecho durante mi trayectoria profesional, además de varios conocimientos jurídicos civiles que había aprendido en el curso anterior de la carrera. Los casos que se nos presentaban día con día eran más sobre herencias, compraventas y ventas en España. De esta manera, tanto apliqué como aprendí terminología jurídica civil en inglés y español. Tras la experiencia me pude percatar de lo importante que es hablar inglés. Ahora lo valoro más que nunca y espero en algún futuro poder regresar a Inglaterra, sin duda, fue una excelente oportunidad profesional y personal en mi vida.

Beatriz Huitrón junto a Antonio Guillén, abogado inglés y español y Cónsul Honorario de España en Manchester

Beatriz Huitrón junto a Antonio Guillén, abogado inglés y español y Cónsul Honorario de España en Manchester

Ahora que estoy a un año de concluir un ciclo en mi vida profesional, tengo claro que me encantaría dedicarme al ámbito internacional o financiero. Desde un principio y debido a que tengo conocidos que se encuentran laborando en el área del Derecho Internacional Público, tuve claro que quería conocer más sobre ese ámbito y así es como lo he venido haciendo.

Uno de mis planes a medio plazo y que tengo muchas que suceda es realizar un voluntariado en la India o Tailandia, en apoyo a mujeres en riesgo de exclusión. Me considero una persona que le encanta ayudar a los demás y sería una gran satisfacción para mí poder hacer algo por alguien.

Posteriormente, estaré abierta a cualquier oportunidad que se me presente en la vida, sin embargo, el día que regrese a mi país será para dar lo mejor de todo lo que he aprendido en mía experiencias y de esta manera contribuir para la mejora y crecimiento de mi país.”

¡Muchas gracias por compartir con nosotros tu experiencia, Beatriz! Te deseamos lo mejor en el futuro.

 

Spanish theme restaurant Tapeo opens in Manchester

Tapeo

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Spanish desk from Gunnercooke LLP attended last night the soft opening of Tapeo Restaurant in Manchester.

Tapeo is the latest Spanish Restaurant to be opened in the busiest area of Manchester City Centre. Fully owned by Spanish owners and managed by couple Nacho Garcia and Natalia Esquerdo, the restaurant has a very high chance of becoming the new place to go for Spanish food in Manchester.

From a legal and business point of view, it is very inspiring to see Spanish theme businesses opening in the City Centre. Tapeo follows the opening of recent Spanish theme restaurants such as La Bandera, Iberica, Lunya and El Gato Negro. Having such a wide variety of Spanish food in town (and with the recent sunnier weather) who longer needs to go to Spain for authentic Spanish food?

See below press release from Manchester Evening News.

http://www.manchestereveningnews.co.uk/whats-on/food-drink-news/tapeo-manchester-spanish-restaurant-deansgate-11320977

Santa Ana del Monte. A story of successful recovery of deposits paid to an insolvent developer in Spain

Construction site photo

 

 

 

Litigation is never an easy thing.

When I was a trainee lawyer in Spain, my boss, who was a walking enciclopedia and knew every single law in Spain, used to tell me:

“Antonio, it is always better to reach a bad settlement than entering into a long but good case in Court because litigation is, regardless of the outcome, always exhausting and some times frustrating”.

I always followed that advice and tried to settle where possible (provided that the client was happy with the settlement reached, of course) but sometimes a settlement is not possible because there is no intention to settle from the other party or simply because there is no money to settle. This is what happened with a development that I know quite well in Spain. The development was called Santa Ana del Monte in Jumilla and it was supposed to be a very interesting development with nice properties and golf courses until the recession put a halt on the construction and the developer had to file for administration, then eventually after 5 years of failed negotiations, liquidation.

When I say that I know the development quite well is because I had more than 100 clients who instructed me and a barrister litigator that we use in Spain called Emilio Lucas Marin (another very well versed lawyer who receives my admiration) to represent them in the insolvency procedure and try to get their money back. After 5 years of talks, legal writs, claims, appeals and some eventual sleepless nights the developer filed for liquidation and the clients were left with barely no chances to get their deposits back, deposits that ranged from 30,000 Euro to 100,000 Euro. We then explored a possibility that had been explored in only a few cases which consisted of issuing legal proceedings against the bank that had received the deposits. This kind of action could be taken on the basis that Spanish law 57/1968 seemed to state that when a bank receives the payment made by an individual towards the construction of an off-plan property, that bank could be held jointly liable if the developer does not supply a bank guarantee to guarantee the safety of that deposit. This is exactly what happened in Santa Ana del Monte. Purchasers paid their deposits into a bank account of a Spanish bank, the developer used the money and in most of the cases failed to secure the deposits with a bank guarantee. On this basis, we studied the possibility of taking action against the said bank. Other law firms did the same and others opted for issuing legal proceedings against all the banks that had provided bank guarantees for that developer in the past.  We decided to take action solely against whichever bank received the deposit in that particular case and it worked.

3 years down the line we have received more than 20 positive judgments where the Judge has ordered the bank to repay the deposit in full. Very often those judgments also order the bank to pay legal interest and legal costs. In other cases the Judge has been more prudent and not awarded legal fees but generally there is an order for payment of interests attached to the order for full refund.

We still have several clients who are litigating against the bank but looking at the current trend of Judges ruling in favour of the purchaser/client the odds are clearly in favour of the client.

What is the moral of this story? Well, first of all I still believe in the advice given by my first mentor in the legal profession. When dealing with a dispute always try to settle if possible. When this is not possible then litigate but make sure that you have sufficient legal grounds to win. And if by any chance you have paid a deposit for an off plan property and this was never built you may have a case against the bank that received your deposit. If that is your case, speak with a lawyer to see if you have a strong case against that bank as this may be your only chance of getting your money back.

In memory of Miguel Viladés (R.I.P), a superb lawyer and a gentleman who, together with his son Alberto, mentored me and initiated me into the legal profession.

 

 

I am an Executor on a Spanish estate. Do I still need an N.I.E.?

The answer is simple: Yes.

Any person appearing in a Will that is going to be used for the administration of a Spanish estate, whether this is an English or a Spanish Will, requires a N.I.E. number. Obviously, this applies to those who inherit the asset but also to those who are not beneficiaries under the Will but have been appointed as Executors of the estate. In the event of several executors there is no need to get N.I.E. for all of them unless they have been appointed in a joint basis whereby all their signatures are required for any document with legal implications.

The above means that if Joe Bloggs died with no Spanish Will but he had an English Will that covered all his assets around the world and in that Will he appointed his brother and his trusted solicitor as Executors, both of them will need a N.I.E number and both will have to fly to Spain to attend the signing of the deed of inheritance at the Notary’s office. If this is not convenient, they can give power of attorney to someone based in Spain (ideally a lawyer or someone they trust) to sign the deeds on their behalf.

With regards to the N.I.E. this can be obtained in different ways:

– In person at the local police station in Spain

– In person at one of the Consular offices or delegations of Spain in the UK ( Aberdeen, Edinburgh, Leeds, Liverpool, London or Manchester)

– By way of granting power of attorney to someone based in Spain

For those who are not aware, there is no need to appoint an Executor in a Spanish Will as the heir/beneficiary has the same powers as a UK Executor. This is a mistake that many people make when signing their Spanish Wills. They appoint Executors when these are not necessary. Having said that, there is no harm in appointing Executors on a Spanish Will or in an English Will that is going to be used in Spain. It is just not as necessary and important as in the UK. In the end is up to the Testator or Testatrix to decide.

 

 

Returning the keys back to the bank

morguefile com1 (2)A REAL CASE OF A SUCCESFUL DACION EN PAGO

This is a real case that we saw in the office some months ago. For obvious reasons, no names will be mentioned. The important thing is what happened and how the matter was resolved. Let me explain what happened.

 

In year 2006 two friends bought a property in Spain in the peak of the market for the amount of 200.000 €. In that year, the housing prices were high due to the excessive demand and banks granted mortgages like bakers bake muffins: one after the other.

Spanish banks were happy to lend monies because property prices were continuously rising like there was no tomorrow. These two friends got a mortgage for 180.000 € and therefore only had to put 20,000 € from their own money plus another 20,000 for taxes and fees. Total investment into the property was 40,000 € and the rest was brought by the bank.

Not much later the real estate bubble bursted in Spain. Consequently, the housing market declined, housing demand plummeted drastically, the value of the properties decreased and people were not able to pay their mortgages. Banks repossessed the houses and they sold them out in auction; therefore, there were more properties in the market and prices decreased more and more.

In 2014 the two friends realised they could not face the payments of the mortgage and they stopped paying regularly. They also contacted our firm for advice. We informed them that there is an option for people like themselves who are prepared to surrender the keys to the bank and be freed of the mortgage. It is called “dación en pago” and it involves signing a deed whereby the property and title are handed to the bank in exchange of the redemption of the debt. It is not a great solution as it usually involves writing off any investment and money put on the property but at least allows the clients to clear their bad investment in Spain and start from scratch in the UK with no debts. These clients were prepared to take this route and therefore instructed us to talk to the bank and start negotiations.

We contacted the bank, explained our clients’ situation and pushed for a dación en pago. The bank came back to us saying that the value of the property was lower than the mortgage. There was a 30,000 € shortfall and this shortfall had to be paid somehow. In layman terms, the property was now worth 160,000 € and they still owed the bank 190,000 €. The bank wanted to recover the 30,000 € shortfall and the solution offered was that the dacion en pago would be accepted provided that the clients signed a personal loan for the remaining 30,000 €. This option was not entirely satisfactory to the clients but they were prepared to sign the loan if the conditions were affordable.

A few weeks later and while we were in the process of waiting for the bank’s proposal, a debt collection agency was appointed to deal with this matter. The property was valued again and we took the opportunity that a new person was dealing with the file to explore the possibility of a full dacion en pago. We are not sure if it was pure luck or persistency (I have got the feeling that their valuation came higher than they initially thought and probably saw the potential of the property) but the debt collectors accepted the offer of a full dacion and suggested a date for the signing of the dacion. This was excellent news for the client as a full dacion consisted in handing the keys and the title to the bank in exchange of the clearance of the debt. Exactly what they wanted. The only requirement placed by the bank was that the property was transferred up to date of taxes and management fees. These were paid by the clients and we proceeded to sign the necessary deed of dacion en pago which freed the clients from this burden.

It was not the best outcome as this meant losing any investment put into the property but clients got rid of a massive debt that was affecting their finances. Furthermore, clients were aware that if they defaulted in the mortgage, the bank would repossess the property and eventually come after them in the UK for any shortfall due (and believe me there is always a shortfall). A slightly happy ending to a bad story. Obviously not all stories are like this and not all property owners want to get rid of their properties in Spain. Most prefer to keep them and enjoy them during their holidays. Others prefer to let them and wait until the market recovers. However, for those where the mortgage is a burden, there is always this possibility. It is not the panacea but it could allow a person who is struggling financially to clear some debts and start from scratch as a new person with no debts.

 

 

 

How to calculate the Inheritance tax in Spain for non-residents

Tulips Quite often I am asked how much is the tax payable on a Spanish estate. My first answer to that question is that the tax is not paid by the estate but is paid by each beneficiary on the basis of what he or she inherits. My second reply is that the Inheritance tax is calculated on a sliding scale where some coeficients are applied depending on the value of the asset inherited. It is therefore quite difficult to give a quick estimate without having the calculation rates next to me. Rather than using this post to talk about all the intricacies of Spanish Inheritance taxes, I think it would be useful to set up a case study with some imaginary names which would give the reader a taste of how the tax is calculated in Spain.  

Paul Herbert, British national, resident in Manchester dies in the UK on the 18th March 2012. He was divorced and had one daughter. He had assets in the UK and in Spain. There was a Spanish Will dealing with the Spanish assets and a Will dealing with the UK assets.

He left all his Spanish assets to his daughter, Isabel, who is 40 years old and lives in Birmingham. The funeral took place in the UK. The estate comprises a property in Marbella worth 295,000 euros and a bank account with 5,000 Euros. The property had no mortgage.

The house did not have any valuable assets, just the usual furniture for a house of this type.

The daughter is British and has never lived in Spain.

INHERITANCE TAX CALCULATION RATES (€)

 

Tax Base 
up to (€)

Tax liability
euros

Remaining Tax base up to
(€)

Applicable Rate

 

0.00

7,993.46

7.65

7,993.46

611.50

7,987.45

8.50

15,980.91

1,290.43

7,987.45

9.35

23,968.36

2,037.26

7,987.45

10.20

31,955.81

2,851.98

7,987.45

11.05

39,943.26

3,734.59

7,987.46

11.90

47,930.72

4,685.10

7,987.45

12.75

55,918.17

5,703.50

7,987.45

13.60

63,905.62

6,789.79

7,987.45

14.45

71,893.07

7,943.98

7,987.45

15.30

79,880.52

9,166.06

39,877.15

16.15

119,757.67

15,606.22

39,877.16

18.70

159,634.83

23,063.25

79,754.30

21.25

239,389.13

40,011.04

159,388.41

25.50

398,777.54

80,655.08

398,777.54

29.75

797,555.08

199,291.40

onwards

34.00

 

We know that the property was worth 295,000 Euro and that there was 5,000 Euro in the Spanish bank. The tax calculation would be as follows:

 

Real value

300,000

Chattels

9,000 (300,000 x 3%)

Gross Estate

309,000

Expenses  

0

Net Estate

309,000

Taxable Base

309,000

Allowances

Kinship (descendants)

15,956.87

Final taxable Base

293,043.13

Tax liability

 

Up to 239,389.13
Rest up to 293,043.13 (53,654) x 25.50%

Total

  40,011.04
                                                13,681.77

53,692.81

Multiplying rate

1.00 (She has no pre-existent estate in Spain and is the daughter of the deceased)

 

Inheritance tax

 

53,692.81

 How did we get this figure?

The real value is 300,000 € and this includes the value of the property (295,000 €) and the balance in the bank account (5,000 €). When there are no relevant chattels Spanish laws consider that the value of the chattels is 3% of the real value. That is why we have this amount of 9,000 € shown as chattels (300,000 € x 3%).

The funeral expenses were incurred in the UK and therefore cannot be deducted as an expense. We are then left with a Net Estate of 309,000 € which will be used as the Taxable base to which the necessary bases and percentages apply. But before applying any bases or percentages we need to apply the necessary allowance which will vary depending on the kinship. Children have an allowance of 15,956.87 € and therefore the final taxable base will be 293,043.13 € (Taxable base – Allowances).

It will then be a case of applying the tax base and percentages indicated in the table at the beginning of this document. This is done in two stages:

–       Up to 239,389.13 € the amount to pay will be 40,011.04 €.

–       The rest up to 293,043.13 € (in particular 53,654 €, which is the difference between 293,043.13 € and 239,389.13 €) will be calculated applying the appropriate percentage which is 25.50% leaving a second amount of 13,681.77 € to pay.

The tax liability will be the sum of both amounts (40,011.04 € + 13,681.77 €) = 53,692.81€.

Finally, a multiplying rate has to be applied depending on two factors: kinship and the value of the previous estate of the beneficiary in Spain. If the latter is less than 402,678.81 € then the multiplying rate will be 1 (which is the case of the daughter as she has no previous assets in Spain)

The Inheritance tax to be paid by Isabel will be the tax liability (53,692.81Euro) multiplied by the multiplying rate 1 = 53,692.81

Tax to pay is 53,692.81 €

The IHT paid in Spain can be offset in the UK to avoid double taxation.

 

Networking of Spanish businesses in Leeds

 IMG-20140306-WA000

 

 

 

 

 

 

From left to right: Igor Urra, Alejandro Benavente, Antonio Guillen and Enrique Sanchez

Great event on the 5th March at La Tasca in Leeds organised by a group of businessmen in Leeds, particularly Alejandro Benavente and Blanca Gonzalez who did an excellent job organising this fabuluos event in Leeds where a group of more than 6o attendees networked and gathered to discuss the business possibilities that the North of England, and more importantly Leeds, can offer to Spanish companies or UK companies with an interest in Spain.

Igor Urra, Secretary General of the Spanish Chamber of Commerce in the UK attended the event as well as other business men in the Leeds area and delegates from the Spanish Language Institute (Cervantes) in Leeds.

The Honorary Consul for Liverpool, Enrique Sanchez, also attended the event showing his interest in an initiative that can easily expand to other cities in the North.

See below detailed coverage of the event by the online newspaper El Northern. Please note that the article is in Spanish!

http://elnorthern.com/2014/03/06/spanish-business-quarter-inicia-en-leeds-el-networking-empresarial-con-sabor-espanol/

Antonio Guillen is a dual qualified Spanish lawyer and English solicitor at DWF LLP. He is also the Honorary Consul for Spain in Greater Manchester, West Yorkshire and North Yorkshire

 

 

DEATH, BANK STATEMENTS AND TAXES IN SPAIN

When the Spanish estate is not only made of properties 

morguefile com1 (2)

 

 

 

 

 

When inheriting assets in Spain, the first thing that comes to mind is property but the truth is that assets also involve bank accounts, shares and other type of properties such as a car or even a boat.

We have written various posts about the procedure of dealing with inheriting a residential property but not enough posts on a related matter like the money in the Spanish bank. These accounts are often used to pay utility bills and taxes related to the property. However, some people who have been living in Spain for long periods of time end up, understandably, gathering important amounts of money in the bank. 

Whether you are dealing with an estate with both property and bank accounts or just a simple estate with a bank account, it will be necessary to contact the Bank in order to obtain a certificate showing the balance at the time of death. In certain regions of Spain, like the Balearic Islands, the bank will also provide you with a statement showing the transactions that took place in the 12 months before the death.

Banks generally will want to see the original death certificate, the certificate of last will and the last will of the deceased. Don’t be surprised if the bank only accepts to release information to a beneficiary or to a person that holds power of attorney from a beneficiary. This is also applicable to lawyers. Contrarily to what happens in the UK, where the solicitor’s word indicating that he/she is acting for the beneficiary or the personal representative is sufficient for the bank, the Spanish Banks will want to see a letter of authority or a power of attorney from the beneficiary to the lawyer. In certain occasions, the bank will only accept to release the information if the documentation is presented at his branch in person by the beneficiary or his lawyer! Finally, some banks will charge a fee for opening a “testamentary file” and producing the certificate, something that is clearly unfair and abusive and that should be challenged if demanded.

All the UK documentation, such as the death certificate, Grant of Probate and UK Will (if applicable) needs to be   translated by an Official Translator and legalised with The Hague Apostille to be valid in Spain.

Once the bank is informed about the deceased’s demise, the account will be frozen until the Inheritance Deed is signed and the Taxes paid. Once all this happens, the beneficiaries or the lawyer holding power of attorney will appear in person at the bank supplying the Inheritance Deed, the certification of the payment of the inheritance tax and they will sign a document agreeing the destination of the money, either transferring this directly to a UK bank account or keeping it in a Spanish account.

The above can seem complicated and the fact that each bank (and branch!) operates differently can make the whole procedure look far more complex than what it really is but in the end everything is down to providing the bank with the documentation requested and fulfilling its criteria so funds can be released as per the beneficiaries wishes.

Holiday apartments in Spain. Do I need a licence?

Sombrilla

 

 

 

 

A few days ago I wrote a post in connection to the property market in Barcelona and the increase of holiday apartments in the city.  The Catalan Government has recently regulated the holiday rentals market and now allows holiday rentals as long as the owners comply with certain obligations. Unfortunately, the situation is different in other touristic places such as the Balearic Islands or the Canary Islands where there are several restrictions to holiday rentals. Take the case of Mallorca, for example. In Mallorca it is only possible to let out for short periods of time dettach and semidettached houses. This leaves apartments and terrace houses outside of the regulation and therefore unable to be let out on a short term basis. There are some exceptions with some apartments but these usually involve the whole building counting with a touristic licence.

When it comes to deattached and semidettached houses in Mallorca, these can be let out for holidays as long as a touristic licence has been obtained and the owner has complied with the following requirements:

– File the necessary declaration of commencement of activity (DRIAT)

– The property is let out for short periods of time that can never exceed the period of 2 months

– The property is let out in its entirety and not on a “per room” basis

– Cleaning and maintenance services are provided

Having said that, what happens if the owner of an apartment in Mallorca or Menorca wants to let it out for short periods of time to different occupiers and he does not have a licence? Well, in that case it would be better to let it on a long term basis. The income might be lower but at least there will be no fines or penalties for breaching the law.

The above applies to the Balearic Islands but each region in Spain has different rules and therefore not all regions face the same restrictions. As always, it is advisable to do some research before embarking on buying a holiday apartment, specially if the ulitmate intention is to let it for holidays.

 

 

 

Buying property in Barcelona

old medieval street

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Barcelona is probably one of the most beautiful cities in Europe. Woody Allen tried to show it in his famous film “Vicky Cristina Barcelona” although he excesively focused on the usual landmarks and buildings, forgetting that there is beauty in many other places apart from the usual constructions from Gaudi. However, it still was a good marketing tool for the city.

Property wise, Barcelona has suffered like any other city in Spain. Property prices have fallen for the last 5 years although 2013 has brought some interesting news. According to the Real Estate website www.idealista.com , property prices in Barcelona fell by only 1%. This may look like bad news to most of you but the reality is that the forecast was for a fall of at least 7% to 8%. What has happneed then? La Vanguardia newspaper thinks that this reduction in the decline of prices is due to Foreign Buyers. In fact, the said newspaper estimates that 10% of those who buy in Barcelona are probably foreign, being Russians, Chinese and Indian the nationalities that are showing more interest in the city followed by the usual British, French and other Europeans.

One of the reasons for this increase in interest from non-European investors is the so called “Golden Visa” which grants immediate residency rights to any non-European investing more than 500,000 Euro in property in Spain. At the same time, many Foreigners look at Barcelona’s potential in the touristical rent market. The city is used for long weekend breaks, stag does, romantic breaks and many others and in most cases those travelling to Barcelona use touristical apartments rather than Hotels, being this type of accomodation an alternative with some relevant success.

So, what should you do if you are interested in buying a property in Barcelona? The first thing you should do is take a holiday in Barcelona and explore the city. Your budget and motives shoud vary depending on whether you are looking to buy a first home, a second home or an investment. Many Estate agents speak English and they should be able to point you in the right direction. Once you find a property that you like, the agent will probably ask you to pay a reservation of a few thousand euro or perhaps even a deposit. This is where the lawyer work starts and where you need to tell the agent that you will instruct your own lawyer for the transaction.  You will be told that there is no obligation to instruct a lawyer in Spain and that there is a professional called “Notary Public” who can prepare all the documentation. Yes, that is correct in a way but it is still very advisable to instruct your own lawyer in the same way that you would do in the UK.

The lawyer (abogado in Spanish and advocat in Catalan) will check all the documentation and advise you before you enter into any contracts. He will also carry out searches to check the planning situation and whether the property can be let out as a touristical apartment. You can find Spanish lawyers in Barcelona, of course, but also in the UK. It is up to you to decide which lawyer you want to use. Some investors prefer to use a Spanish lawyer based in the UK because they are regulated by the UK Law Society, others prefer to use someone local. The important thing is to instruct an independent Spanish lawyer and not to proceed with the purchase without independent advice.

Enjoy the city!!

Antonio Guillen is a dual qualified Spanish lawyer- English Solicitor from Barcelona who is currently practising in the UK.